Market research is an overarching term for gathering information from you customers about your business, and focus groups are one way to conduct market research.
Whether your focus group's goal is to give feedback on a product or service or help you assess how your brand stands out in your competitive landscape, thought-provoking, open-ended questions are essential to a productive discussion.
Focus group questions should dive into the mind of a consumer. What do they think? How do they make their decisions? You want more than a yes or no answer, and your questions need to generate them. However, it is easier said than done. What can you ask beyond "What do you think of our product?" to provoke the most fruitful answers?
Here, we have compiled the most insightful questions you can ask in your next focus group to get the best insights from your participants.
Copy-and-paste the questions you like below into this note taking template for a ready-to-go, printable document you can bring to the session.
Featured Resource: Market Research Focus Group Template
For a free template for note taking during focus groups, a guide on conducting market research, and several other templates, download our Market Research Kit.
Sample Focus Group Questions
- How did you learn about our company?
- When was the last time you purchased a product/service in our industry?
- How often do you use our product/service?
- If you could change one thing about our product/service, what would it be?
- What kind of problems have you experienced when using our product/service?
- What do you think are the strengths and weaknesses of our product?
- What companies do you think are at the top of our industry?
- What is the first thing you consider when buying a product?
- Where do you go to receive information about our company?
- Is there anything else you would like to say about our company or product?
Focus Group Question Examples for Building Trust Among Focus Group Members
Before diving into deeper questions, it's best to warm up the group with a couple of open-ended questions that allow participants to get to know each other a little bit. Participants should have the liberty to decide how much they want to share with the group. Don’t force anyone to share something they may not feel comfortable sharing.
By including a question that allows people to talk about something tangential to the topic of the focus group, your participants will begin to build empathy for each other. That empathy can grow into trust, which is essential for eliciting honest insights out of your group.
Here are a few questions you might ask to build trust:
- "Share an aspect of your work or life experience that has brought you here today."
- "Why did you decide to join our focus group today?"
- "When and how did you first come across our brand/product/service?"
Focus Group Question Examples to Encourage Follow-up and Continuation of Ideas
The most helpful insights that come from focus groups are often the most specific points. Challenge your participants to reflect on their comments if something sparks your curiosity. For instance:
- "That's a fascinating point that [name] just said — what do you all think of that?"
- "Do you agree or disagree with [name]'s statement, and why?"
- "[Name], you've been a bit quiet recently. Did you have any thoughts on this topic that you wanted to share?"
Free Focus Group Questionnaire Template
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Focus Group Question Examples for Understanding Customer Perception of Your Product or Service
These questions will help you understand how people truly feel about your brand, product, or service. The focus here is on your company -- not the larger industry landscape or your competitors.
Avoid stopping conversation here unless the group gets sidetracked. Open-ended questions can be daunting at first. Participants may not know where to start. However, hearing from the other participants will spark reflection on various aspects of your product or service. Be sure to allow each group member who has something to say to speak up before moving on to the next question.
- "How would you describe our company to other people?"
- "How would you describe our product/service to other people?"
- "What words or feelings come to mind when you think about our company?"
- "How likely are you to recommend our product/service to a friend?"
- "How well do you feel we incorporate feedback from you, our customers, into our service/product?"
- "What ultimately pushed you to purchase this product/service?"
- "Where would you buy this product/service?"
- "What do you like about this product that you may not find in a similar one?"
- "When you think about our industry, which brands come to mind first?"
- "Which other brands in our industry did you consider when you were shopping around?"
- "Why didn't you go with one of our competitors?"
- "What other products/services come to mind when you look at this one?"
Focus Group Question Examples to Learn What Your Leads and Customers Want to See From You
Listening to your customers' feedback and suggestions for improvement is crucial to retaining customers and turning them into promoters of your brand. It may be difficult to hear the answers to these questions, but turning customer pain points around will elevate your product or service to the next level.
Avoid defending your product or service or setting any limitations on these questions. Instead, frame them in a way that allows anyone to voice their feelings. Recognize that it can be daunting for anyone (especially people with whom you've built relationships) to share negative feedback, so thank them for their candor.
- "If you could wave a magic wand and change one thing about our product/service, what would it be?"
- "What would you most like to add to or improve about this product?"
- "What do you envision is the lifespan of this product/service before you upgrade or replace it?"
- "Is there anything we haven't touched on today that you would like us to know?"
Focus Group Question Examples for Understanding Your Buyer Personas
The following questions will help you understand the motivations of your target buyer persona, their habits, their responsibilities and decision-making power, and their preferences.
These questions will spark discussion about topics other than your company, product or service, and the competitive landscape.
Don't worry if the conversation seems to stray far from your brand. The insights that people share will likely reveal what they find significant in their life and work. However, you must keep the group focused on the specific question you ask.
- "Describe your job title and your day-to-day responsibilities."
- "What is one task where you feel you spend way too much time?"
- "How do you define success in your role/your life?"
- "What is the biggest challenge you face when it comes to the problem that this product is supposed to solve?"
- "When you browse online, on which websites do you spend most of your time?"
- "What are the first three apps you open on your phone in the morning?"
- "How do you prefer to receive communications from our company? (Specify what type of communication here — product updates, renewal notices, product/service coaching, meeting reminders, urgent alerts, etc.)"
- "Would you be the one using this product/service most in your household/job? If not, who would be?"
Focus Group Question Examples for Competitor Research
These questions should spark discussion about the brands in your industry that are top-of-mind for consumers. It helps remove any biases that your team might have as people who work in the industry and know various players very well.
To encourage honesty, avoid agreeing with disparaging comments made about your competitors. Instead, use the opportunity to ask follow-up questions about what the participants don't like about a specific product or brand.
Competitive research helps you identify competitors while also evaluating their strengths and weaknesses. This information allows you to compare how your products align within the industry and pinpoint any industry trends you may have overlooked.
- "What companies come to mind when you think of our industry?"
- "Which company do you consider first when shopping in our industry and why?"
- "What are these companies doing well?"
- "What do these companies need to improve?"
- "What products/services do they have that you’d like to see from us?"
- "What would it take for another company to beat out your top choice in our industry?"
To conduct a complementary research-based analysis of your competitors, download our Market Research Kit to access a S.W.O.T. analysis template.
Focus Group Question Examples for Generating Content on Your Industry
You might be looking to develop a content strategy for your brand, branch out into a new content medium, or generate new content ideas. Any successful content strategy prioritizes what your target buyer persona finds most engaging. A focus group is an effective way to ensure that you produce material on the right topics in the medium that your audience wants to consume.
- "What is one recent trend you have noticed in our industry?"
- "What is one strategy or tactic you think is underrated in our industry?"
- "Where do you go to get a pulse on the things going on in our industry?"
- "Who are the people in our industry who you look to as experts?"
- "What format of content do you consume to keep up with our industry? Social media posts? Blogs/long-form posts? Podcasts? News outlets?"
- "Which specific sources do you go to for information on our industry?"
- "What gaps do you see in the content about our industry online? What are the topics on which you would like to see more education?"
Focus Group Question Examples for Understanding Product Demand for Something You Haven’t Yet Put Out in the Market
These eleven questions will help you understand the demand for a new product or service. These questions will uncover buying habits for a product you envision and whether there is a true product-market fit.
- "What was your first reaction to the product?"
- "How often do you/would you use this type of product?"
- "Would you be the one deciding to purchase this product/service? If not, who would be?"
- "When and where do you use our product?"
- "When you think about the product, do you think of it as something you absolutely need, something you could do without, or something that's somewhere in the middle?"
- "How much would you be willing to pay for a product like this?"
- "How would you ideally like to buy this product? Would you talk to a sales rep, or would you prefer to purchase it on your own?"
- "What do you think this product is missing?"
- "How would you describe someone you think would use this product/service?"
- "If you ended up liking your experience with this product, could you see yourself repurchasing it? If so, how often?"
- "If you could either have this product/service or the equivalent dollar value for you/your business, which would you choose? Why? (Specify the dollar value of your product/service when asking this question.)"
Focus Group Question Examples for Branding
The following questions help run word association brainstorms and generate potential names for a new product or company.
- "What words come to mind when you think of our product category? (Example: "What words come to mind when you think of food delivery?")"
- "What words come to mind when you think of [insert a word that symbolizes the main value prop of your product/service here - for example, 'efficiency,' 'speed,' 'health']?"
- "What is your initial reaction to this name?"
- "What words come to mind when you hear this name?"
- "How would you pronounce this? (Spell out the name on a piece of paper or whiteboard.)"
Ask, and you shall receive.
In your business, your consumer is the most important person. What they think is central to your business strategy — how they view your company and industry, what drives them to make a purchase, what their interests are. The answers to the above focus group questions will shape how you approach your business. You now have dozens of questions to get the conversation started, and you didn’t even have to ask.
Editor's note: This post was originally published in November 2020 and has been updated for comprehensiveness.