A Brief History of Emojis
Emojis haven’t been around forever. They’ve barely been around twenty years … 😲
The first emoji was created in 1999 by a coder employed by NTT DoCoMo, a Japanese mobile service provider. He created the first 180 emojis, which were then used by multiple Japanese providers for text messaging and other communications.
In 2010, emojis were incorporated into and standardized by Unicode, allowing them to be used outside of Japan. Throughout the following six years, thousands of emojis were added to the “language”, including Zodiac signs, sports equipment, places of worship, and a variety of skin colors.
As of March 2020, there are over 3,300 emojis on the Unicode Standard list.
How to Add the Emoji Keyboard
Since you can’t create emojis using your typical text keyboard, you have to download a separate one. It’s actually quite easy. Here’s how.
On Your iPhone
Conveniently so, iPhones have the emoji keyboard built into the operating system. To add the keyboard:
- Open Settings
- Tap General > Keyboard > Keyboards
- Tap Add New Keyboard… > Emoji
To access the keyboard, open your Messages or Mail. Tap the 🌐 next to the microphone, which should change your keyboard. If you have any other keyboards added, you might have to tap the icon a couple times.
This process works for iPads, too.
On Your Android
From there, to apply the new emojis to your keyboard, you’d go to Settings > Language and Input > Virtual Keyboard > Manage Keyboards. Then, select the keyboard you’d like to download.
On Your Mac
To use emojis on your desktop, you can always Google them and then Copy + Paste them into your message. If you use them often, though, this process can get clunky.
Thankfully, there’s an easier way. If you’re typing on your Mac and want to insert an emoji, simply tap Control + Command + Spacebar to pop open the emoji keyboard. Tap the emoji you want to use, or drag and drop if it doesn’t insert automatically.
You can also turn on the emoji keyboard on your Mac by tapping the Apple icon in the top left corner. Then, open System Preferences > Keyboard and click Show Keyboard and Emoji Viewers in Menu Bar.
This places a shortcut in the menu bar, and with one tap, you can access all emojis and symbols.
How nifty is that? 👍🏼
On Your Windows Desktop
The emoji options for Windows are very similar to that for a Mac. For one, you can simple Copy + Paste.
On the other hand, the keyboard shortcut for Windows is Windows Key + Period or Windows Key + Semicolon. This shortcut brings up the built-in keyboard, from which you can tap the emoji you want to use.
Why use Emojis?
So, you know how to use emojis … but why should you bother? Isn’t it easier just to type out what you want to say? More importantly, aren’t emojis for teenagers and texters?
Here’s why you should use emojis.
Emojis boost engagement.
Repeat after me: Emojis = Engagement.
It might be a new mantra for you, but it’s true nonetheless. Emojis have been proven to boost engagement levels, click-through rates, and open rates.
Take a look at these 📈(... statistics):
- One in five tweets now includes an emoji. Five billion emojis are sent on Facebook Messenger daily.
- Including emojis in email subject lines has been shown to increase open and response rates.
- Push notifications with emojis saw 85% increase in open rates and 9% bump in conversions
Emojis help drive engagement on all variety of digital media: email, mobile, and social media.
Emojis convey what words can’t.
Have you ever received a text message that ended with a period? Now, imagine the same sentiment expressed with an exclamation point … or better yet, an emoji.
“I can’t wait.” vs “I can’t wait!” vs “I can’t wait 😁”
The feelings you experience from those three messages are a little different, right? The sentiment is the same, but the conveyed feelings vary.
While emojis can’t necessarily replace words (and we’ll talk about why later), they can definitely give them that little extra umph needed to excite, persuade, or intrigue. They enforce the meaning of your message. They’re the 🍒 on top.
Emojis give your brand personality.
Brands are more than the products they sell or the design of their logos. They’re akin to people, with personality and unique character — which helps consumers connect with and be loyal to them.
Using emojis in your marketing and communications gives your brand personality and identity. Whether you’re fun and youthful or risqué and witty, emojis can help humanize your brand’s identity.
Defining and using that personality in your marketing can also help you boost your brand awareness. Fun brands are known brands. 🎉
Your Guide to Emoji Definitions and Uses
We’ve talked about where emojis originated and why you should use them. Now, we’re going to discuss which ones you should use and how you should use them. Take notes 📝… you never know when some of these may come in handy.
Whether you’re using emojis at work or with friends, there are some that everyone knows. We cover a few below.
Laughing Face Emoji 😂
According to EmojiTracker, the 😂 emoji is the most commonly used emoji on Twitter. It’s also the most used emoji based on Apple's data. It’s official name is “Face With Tears of Joy”, and it’s typically used in conjunction with humor or comedy posts.
Heart Emoji ❤️
Next on Apple and EmojiTracker’s lists: ❤️… aptly named the “Red Heart”. This emoji is used in a myriad of ways, most commonly to express affection and love, and it also comes in other shapes and colors. Red is the most popular, though.
Crying Face Emoji 😭
According to Apple, 😭 is the third most used emoji. It’s also the sixth on EmojiTracker. Officially named “Loudly Crying Face”, it’s one of those emojis that has a dual meaning. Sometimes, we see it used “appropriately” — in a sad or negative setting. Other times, though, it can be used ironically or in a “so happy I’m crying” way.
Heart Eyes Emoji 😍
This emoji is fourth on Apple’s and EmojiTracker’s lists. The “Smiling Face With Heart-shaped Eyes” emoji is commonly used when, well, you like what you see. Lots of people use it when responding to pictures they like or people they love.
Thumbs-Up Emoji 👍🏼
The “Thumbs Up Sign” emoji isn’t ranked on Apple or EmojiTracker, but we’re including it anyway. The 👍🏼 is a universal sign for “OK”, and it’s now being used on Facebook, LinkedIn, iMessage, and Slack as a way to confirm receipt or acknowledge a message.
Commonly Misused Emojis
Just because emojis are used often doesn’t mean they’re always used as they were intended or as their title describes. This is where using emojis to communicate might get a little confusing. We cover a few commonly misused emojis — and their proper usage — below.
Dizzy Emoji 💫
At first glance, the “Dizzy” emoji looks like a shooting star. But 💫 actually represents being dizzy or the phenomenon of “seeing stars”.
Hug Emoji 🤗
The “Happy Face With Hugging Hands” is typically mistaken for jazz hands or extreme joy. But if you look closer, 🤗 is actually trying to give you a hug!
Information Desk Emoji 💁
Look closely … the “Information Desk Woman” emoji looks a little sassy. That’s how people typically use 💁, but it’s actually supposed to represent someone holding out their hand asking how they can help.
Tired Emoji 😩
The “Tired” or “Weary” emoji is often used to represent whining or confusion. But it’s actually intended to be the face of someone who’s very tired or sleep-deprived … which, if you look closely, makes a lot of sense.
Bowing Emoji 🙇
The first impression of the “Person Bowing Deeply” emoji is that he’s napping or thinking hard about something. But 🙇 actually represents dogeza, the Japanese practice of kneeling and bowing to express an apology.
Emojis To Try in Your Marketing
There are literally thousands of emojis that you could use in your marketing and communications. But, according to our own research, there are some that might be more effective than others. Take a look and try them out for yourself.
Emojis to Boost Engagement
- 🙆(Person Gesturing OK Emoji)
- 🍒(Cherries Emoji)
- 🐠(Tropical Fish Emoji)
- 💃(Woman Dancing Emoji)
- 🌤(Sun Behind Small Cloud Emoji)
Emojis to Encourage Click-Through
- 🐙(Octopus Emoji)
- 🐴(Horse Face Emoji)
- 👖(Jeans Emoji)
- 🍒(Cherries Emoji)
- 🚂(Locomotive Emoji)
Why have these emojis worked? We’re not sure, although these lists come from a study of 19,617,281 HubSpot-published posts across LinkedIn, Facebook, Twitter, Google Plus, and Instagram … so it seems they’re quite effective.
Using Emojis for Business
We’ve established that emojis are valuable 🛠tools to keep in your marketing tool belt. They boost engagement, humanize your brand, and extend your communication beyond words. But how can you employ these visual messages? Let’s talk strategy.
Emojis in Social Media
It’s easy to toss an emoji or two into a tweet or Instagram comment, and you should. But how can you use emojis to intentionally drive engagement, click-throughs, and conversions? The answer is simple: Encourage your audience to use them, too.
Here are a few ways to add emojis to your social media strategy and encourage your followers to partake:
- Tell your audience to comment with an emoji: “Respond with 👍🏼 if you agree or 👎🏼 if you disagree.”
- Ask your audience to describe something using emojis: “Describe your plans for this weekend using only emojis!”
- Give your audience an emoji message to decode: “Translate these emojis and be entered to win a prize.”
It’s easy enough to include emojis in your social media posts, but telling your followers to use them too can help boost your overall audience engagement. Emojis are easy to use and require little to no work on behalf of your audience.
For example, instead of having to type out their weekend plans, they’d just have to drop in a ⛳️or 🏕or 🛌 emoji … and you’d still get an engagement.
Emojis in Advertising
Advertising is just as public-facing as social media, but it’s more formal and much more expensive. For that reason, businesses have been slower to adopt emojis into their advertising efforts.
But most of today's consumers, especially millennials, have had enough of the in-your-face, impersonal advertising. They respond better to subtle, personal and emotional messages. Businesses have learned that emojis — despite their size and lack of words — can actually communicate a lot.
How can you employ emojis in your next advertising campaign? Here are some top tips.
1. Make them relevant, and don’t force it. If an emoji (or emojis in general) doesn’t fit with your campaign or brand, don’t use it. Does your audience use them? (Use social intelligence tools to see what your audience is using online.) Have you used them in other communications, such as social media or on your blog? They’ll be easier to immerse in your advertising if they’re a natural fit for your brand.
2. Use them clearly, and don’t leave room for misinterpretation. Emojis are sometimes used outside of their intended purpose, as we’ve seen in this article. That’s OK, but make sure you know the purpose of the emoji you’re using. Ask co-workers if they understand your message. Consider organizing a focus group, or run the advertisement past a sample audience. Be absolutely sure your message communicates exactly what you want it to.
3. Get creative! If your emojis fit with your brand, are used by your audience, and can’t be misinterpreted, have fun with them. Better yet — consider having your own emoji designed, too.
Emojis in Emails
Email marketing, despite its one-to-many communication ratio, should still be personalized to its recipient. Because of this, emojis should be used sparingly and only when you know your audience will receive and respond to them positively.
For example, try not to use emojis for first-time or one-time customers, such as “Welcome!” or “You Left Something in Your Cart!” emails. These consumers might not be familiar with your brand and might be put off by random emoji use.
Emojis in email subject lines have been proven to work about 60% of the time … and by “work”, we mean they boost open rates by about 25%. But when they don’t work, they actually hurt open rates — by the same 60%. So, use emojis sparingly in subject lines, and choose emojis that are relevant to your brand or message.
As we’ve said before, don’t use emojis in your emails if they’re not also on your social media and other digital marketing efforts. Emojis are more natural in email communication if your audience has also seen them elsewhere.
In terms of one-on-one email communications, save emojis for personal, known interactions. If you’ve never met your recipient in person, don’t include an emoji. Don’t use emojis to replace real or authentic messages or emotions. In this case, professionalism always trumps personality.
Emojis in Service
Service is a critical component of the flywheel. It keeps customers happy, encourages them to stick around, and inspires them to talk about your business. Another thing about service? Service is all about connecting with the customer, sharing their burden, and solving their problem.
Emojis can help you do this. Since emojis amplify emotion and feelings, they can help convey authentic service to your customers — if used correctly. For customer service interactions, it’s helpful to include an accurate emoji (i.e. 😄 for “Hello!” or 😲 for “Oh no!”), but don’t rely on the emoji alone. Use it alongside other company-approved messages.
Emojis can help create personal connections to customers and accurately express what you’re thinking and feeling — and how you’d like your customers to feel, too.
There are a ton of resources available to learn more about emojis and explore which ones you can use in your marketing. Check out a few of our favorites below.
The Emojipedia is the ultimate encyclopedia of emojis. It includes every possible emoji, it’s shortcodes and brief history, and how it looks on various operating systems. It also ranks the current most popular emojis and provides emoji news.
Emojisaurus turns phrases and sentences into “emojigrams”. For example, “Barbership quartet” is 💈💈💈💈, and “Strong thoughts” is 💪💭. If you want to post an emoji sentence for your followers to decode, this is a helpful tool.
Get Emoji is similar to The Emojipedia in that you can find emojis to Copy + Paste. All emojis on Get Emoji work on iOS, Android, Mac and Windows and can be copied onto any social network or website. If you don’t feel like using the emoji keyboard on your device, this is a great tool to bookmark.
Over to You
Emojis are a simple and easy way to add personality to your marketing, advertising, and official communications. From any device, you can add a pop of color or dash of sass to a tweet, Facebook post, email, or customer service live chat response.
If you’ve been looking for ways to incorporate more emotion or humanize your brand, emojis are the way to go. 🙌🏼
Originally published Oct 24, 2018 8:00:00 AM, updated May 08 2020