If you're in sales, you've likely seen the 2011 "Lead Response Management Study." It analyzed three year's worth of data,100,000 call attempts, six companies, and 15,000 leads and synthesized findings to bring salespeople scientific answers to age-old questions like "What are the best days to call my prospects?" and "What time should I contact my leads?"
This kind of research is invaluable to reps. It helps them plan their weeks, maximize the impact of each call they make, and become more efficient, successful salespeople.
But have salespeople begun to rely too much on these numbers? In a recent GSA Business Development blog, the U.K.-based author laments, "I often hear statements such as ‘We should never call on a Friday afternoon' or … ‘August is a bad time since people are away.' If I had a pound for every time I've heard those comments over the past 17 years, I probably wouldn't need to run my business. I could retire on these earnings."
The author continues, "The fact is that if you make sufficient calls, you will reach enough people whichever time of day or year you call."
So, which is it? Is there a time, date, or approach to calling your prospects that's scientifically better than the rest? Should we chalk it all up to hard work? And has the data changed since 2011's groundbreaking study?
I'll do my best to answer those questions below, as we dissect the perfect follow-up call for salespeople in 2019.
Best Times to Make Sales Calls
These days, many reps are more comfortable sending an automated email than picking up the phone. But, before moving forward, it's worth identifying whether the phone is even the best way to follow up with leads today.
That answer is "Yes." A recent study by sales pro Marc Wayshak shows the phone is still the best tool in selling, with 41.2% of respondents naming their phone as their most effective sales tool.
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Best Days of the Week to Call Leads
The best days of the week to call leads are on Wednesdays and Thursdays.
In the classic Lead Response Management Study, Wednesday and Thursday were the best days to qualify leads. In fact, there was a 49% difference between leads qualified (meaning they agreed to enter the sales process) on Thursdays and those that qualified on Tuesdays.
So, does this data still hold true today? A 2017 CallHippo survey looked at 24 weeks of data across thousands of companies and found Wednesdays and Thursdays are still the best days to call prospects.
In this survey, they found a 46% difference between calls made on Wednesdays (the best day to call) and those made on Mondays. Friday remained the worst day on which to call prospects.
Best Times to Call Leads
The best times of day to call leads are between 4:00 and 5:00PM and between 8:00 and 10:00 AM in their local time zone.
The Lead Management Study discovered the best time to qualify leads was between 4:00 PM and 5:00 PM local time. The second-best time was around 8:00 AM.
The worst time of day to call leads is between 11:00 AM and 2:30 PM in their local time zone.
The worst time to qualify leads during the work day? Stay away from the phone at 11:00 AM and 2:30 PM respectively -- unless you're unafraid of the 164% qualifying success rate difference between reps who called between 1:00 PM and 2:00 PM and those calling between 4:00 PM and 5:00 PM.
When looking at how this data has aged, the same CallHippo survey found between 4:00 PM and 5:00 PM is still the best time to call prospects. 11:00 AM and 12:00 PM is the second most successful time to call -- a different result from the Lead Management Study -- and between 1:00 PM and 2:00 PM is the least successful time.
A 2018 PhoneBurner study, however, found the most productive time to cold call prospects is 10:00 AM in the prospect's time zone. Of those salespeople surveyed during this time, 15.53% had their calls answered -- 3% better than the second-best hour, 2:00 PM, which saw a 15.01% success rate. Their data did support the findings that between 12:00 and 1:00 PM is the worst time to call your prospect.
Best Response Time for Connecting with Leads
The best response time for following up with leads is within 10 minutes.
The Lead Management Study saw a whopping 400% decrease in odds of qualifying leads when reps waited 10 minutes or more to follow up. And the rate of success continued to decrease the longer reps went before following up. The best time to call new leads was within five minutes of their first trigger event.
A 2018 InsideSales.com test seems to support this data -- kind of. In their survey, InsideSales.com Labs tested the response times and persistence of nearly 200 companies and scored their replies.
They did this by looking at only high-priority inbound leads signaling intent to purchase (i.e., demos, contact forms, or pricing requests). International siding company James Hardie earned the number one spot with a 3:48-minute response time and seven touches total.
They were the only company to come in under that magic five-minute follow-up mark, however. The other companies in the top 10 rang in slightly under or well above the 10-minute mark. LinkedIn had a 9:03-minute response time with five touches total.
Consulting firm KPA had a 19:37-minute lead response time but a respectable six touches total. And platform company Dynamic Signal nabbed the number two spot with an 8:20-minute response time and an impressive 14 total touches.
How to Make a Follow-Up Sales Call
With all of this updated data, what should you do when it pays off and a prospect actually answers the phone?
Use Sales Call Templates
Sales reps should use universal, brand-approved templates to connect with prospects in proven and successful ways.
Going into a sales call without a clear direction -- particularly for newer reps -- can be a risky path that can easily result in a derailed train of thought. This collection of sales call templates can build out an arsenal of situational sales follow-up call prompts to emphasize the right phrasing and messaging to connect with a prospect.
Make Multiple Follow-Up Calls
Sales reps should make at least six follow-up calls to leads before moving on.
The Lead Management Study shows reps should call at least six times before throwing in the towel. Shockingly, over 30% of leads in the study were never contacted at all. By making more call attempts -- or call attempts, period -- sales reps experienced up to a 70% increase in contact rates.
A 2018 Bridge Group Inc. SDR Metrics Report found most reps make an average of 45 dials per day -- a number that's hovered around 50 for the last decade.
The report states "There is much debate over the usefulness of this metric. It remains, however, one of the few levers that individual SDRs are able to pull. Dials are 100% under your reps' control -- conversions, demos, and meetings are not."
The study also cites an article by EverFi President Preston Clark in which he laments "The Rise of the Silent Sales Floor." He says, "When the hum of voices is replaced with the hum of keystrokes, you should be very, very concerned." To remedy this, Clark recommends reps learn how to lead a sales process from start to finish. "Every step. Every stage. Open to close."
Make a Good Impression When You Connect with Leads
Sales reps should use active, friendly, and engaging language to interest leads within the first five minutes of connecting on a follow-up call.
The data experts over at Gong.io analyzed more than 100,000 connected outreach calls and analyzed them using AI. They found a few things to be true:
- Once connected, you have five seconds to earn five minutes of your prospect's time.
- Successful calls are almost twice as long as unsuccessful calls, clocking in at 5:50 and 3:14 minutes respectively.
- Successful calls are about educating your prospect and selling a meeting. Therefore, successful salespeople spend 54% of the call talking, while unsuccessful salespeople spent only 42% of their time speaking.
- Don't be afraid of the "monologue." Successful calls saw a whopping 70% more five-second monologues from salespeople than unsuccessful calls.
- Don't fear silence from your prospects. Unsuccessful calls saw prospect monologues up to eight seconds long. In successful calls, prospect's monologues lasted only around 3.5 seconds.
- Using "Did I catch you at a bad time" makes you 40% less likely to book a meeting.
- Asking "How are you?" correlates with a 3.4X higher likelihood of booking a meeting.
- Beginning your call with "The reason I'm calling is …" increases your success rate by 2.1X.
- Asking "How have you been?" increases success rates by 6.6X.
- Using "We" instead of "I" increased success rates by 35%.
Ask Customers and Leads for More Referrals
Sales reps should source referrals to increase the pool of leads they're following up with every day.
While the Lead Management Study's data showed reps should be calling at least six times before moving on, it's also important to pay attention to how many leads you're reaching out to.
A recent survey by Marc Wayshak shows most salespeople aren't getting in front of enough prospects. In fact, 66.7% of respondents reported reaching out to 250 or fewer leads in the past year. Only 15% reached out to over 1,000 prospects.
While 54% of salespeople in Wayshak's survey lamented it's harder -- or much harder -- to get in front of prospects than it was five years ago, these numbers also reveal an increased need for salespeople to outreach to more prospects and leads than ever before.
One way to boost your pipeline and gain more leads to call? Ask for referrals. 57.9% of respondents asked for fewer than one referral a month. Roughly 40% reported rarely asking. And only 18.6% asked every person they met with for a referral.
Since referrals have a much higher chance of closing, they can be a great place to start when you're trying to increase lead count and thereby the number of follow-up calls you can make.
Few salespeople relish making prospecting calls. But it's one of the most important parts of the job. So, shouldn't you do it well and maximize your impact, so you can spend more time doing the part of your work you actually love? This data can help you do just that.
To learn more about prospecting, read about how to introduce yourself over email next.