When CSS property values are set to change over a specified period of time, the element is animated on the page. Therefore, CSS animatable properties are properties that can gradually change from one value to another, such as size, number, color, or percentage.

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CSS animations are just like transitions, only with better control and a wider variety of options.

We've compiled an A-Z list of CSS animatable properties along with a demo for each. Let's look at the various animations you can create with CSS on your site.

CSS Animatable Properties List

Here's a list of all the properties you can animate with CSS, what they do, and an example of each.

background

This is shorthand for the property used for setting the page background. It lets you display up to eight properties: background-image, background-position, background-size, background-repeat, background-origin, background-clip, background-attachment, and background-color.

Some of these properties are animatable, which we've shared separately in more detail in this list of CSS animatable properties.

Animation demo

background-color

This property helps you set the background color of an element, meaning the space occupied by an element, including the padding and border but excluding the margin.

Color values can be specified in different ways:

  • Hexadecimal in the format of #rrggbb
  • RGB in the format of rgb (red, green, blue)
  • RGBA in the format of rgba (red, green, blue, alpha)
  • HSL in the format of hsl (hue, saturation, lightness)
  • HSLA in the format of hsla (hue, saturation, lightness, alpha)
  • Predefined. The CSS and HTML specification includes 140 predefined color names you can use.
  • The currentcolor keyword can be used to represent the value of a color property. When used, elements that don't have a property value can inherit the color by default.

Animation demo

background-position

This is used to set the starting position of a background image. Values include left top, left center, left bottom, right top, right center, right bottom, center top, center center, and center bottom.

Animation demo

background-size

This is used to set the size of the background image. Values include auto, length, percentage, cover, and contain.

Animation demo

border

This helps you style the borders of an element. It's a shorthand property for: border-width, border-style, and border-color. When the border isn't specified, the text color is applied.

Animation demo

border-bottom

This is used to style the bottom border. It's a shorthand property for: border-bottom-width, border-bottom-style, and border-bottom-color.

Animation demo

border-bottom-color

This sets the color of the bottom border of an element. Note that you need to have a border before you can apply color to it. Thus, always define the border-style or border-bottom-style before border-bottom-color.

Animation demo

border-bottom-left-radius

This adds rounded borders to the corners of the element. It lets you define the radius of the bottom left corner. Values include length and percentage.

Animation demo

border-bottom-right-radius

This defines the radius of the bottom right corner.

Animation demo

border-bottom-width

This sets the width for the bottom border. It should be defined after the border is created, after border-style or border-bottom-style properties. Values include medium, thin, thick, and length.

Animation demo

border-color

This sets the border color. It can be defined by up to four values in the format of border-color: color1 color2 color3 color4;

If it has four values, each side of the border gets the specified color.

If it has three values, the top and bottom borders get the first and last specified color, while the right and left borders are styled with the middle color.

If it has two values, the top and bottom colors take the first, while the right and left borders take the second color.

If it has only one value, all borders have the specified color.

Animation demo

border-left

This styles the left border. It's a shorthand property for: border-left-width, border-left-style, and border-left-color.

Animation demo

border-left-color

This sets the color of the left border. Values include color and transparency.

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border-left-width

This sets the width for the left border. Values include medium, thin, thick, and length.

Animation demo

border-right

This styles the right border. It's a shorthand property for: border-right-width, border-right-style, and border-right-color.

Animation demo

border-right-color

This sets the border for the right color.

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border-right-width

This sets the width for the right border.

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border-spacing

This defines the distance between borders of cells in a table.

Animation demo

border-top

This styles the top border. It's a shorthand property for: border-top-width, border-top-style, and border-top-color.

Animation demo

border-top-color

This sets the color of the top border.

Animation demo

border-top-left-radius

This defines the top left corner radius.

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border-top-right-radius

This defines the top right corner radius.

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border-top-width

This sets the width of the top border.

Animation demo

bottom

This is used to position an element vertically. It only affects positioned elements.

When the position is:

  • position: absolute; or position: fixed; the bottom edge of the element is set to a unit above or below the bottom edge of the nearest positioned ancestor.
  • position: relative; the bottom edge moves above or below its normal position.
  • position: sticky; the bottom property behaves like it's in a relative or fixed position when the element is inside and outside a viewport, respectively.
  • position:static; the property has no effect.

Animation demo

box-shadow

This adds shadows to an element. Values include none, horizontal offset, vertical offset, blur, spread, and color.

Animation demo

clip

This lets you clip an image that's larger than its containing element. Values include auto and shape.

Animation demo

color

This defines the color of the text.

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column-count

This divides an element into columns. Values include number and auto.

Animation demo

column-gap

This sets the gap between columns. Values include length and normal.

Animation demo

column-rule

This defines the width, style, and color of the rule between columns. It's a shorthand property for: column-rule-width, column-rule-style, and column-rule-color.

Animation demo

column-rule-color

This sets the color of the rule between columns.

Animation demo

column-rule-width

This sets the width of the rule between columns. Values include medium, thin, thick, and length.

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column-width

This sets the column width. Values include auto and length.

Animation demo

columns

This sets the column width and count. It's a shorthand property for: column-width and column-count.

Animation demo

filter

This sets visual effects to an element, such as blur and saturation. Values include blur, brightness, contrast, and grayscale.

Animation demo

flex

This sets the flexible length on flexible items. It's a shorthand property for: flex-grow, flex-shrink, and flex-basis.

Animation demo

flex-basis

This defines the initial length of a flexible item. Values include: number and auto.

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flex-grow

This specifies how much an item will grow in comparison to other flexible items in the container.

Animation demo

flex-shrink

This specifies how much an item will shrink compared to the other flexible items in the container.

Animation demo

font

This styles the text font. It's a shorthand property for: font-style, font-variant, font-weight, font-size/line-height, and font-family.

Animation demo

font-size

This sets the size of the font. Values include medium, xx-small, x-small, small, large, x-large, xx-large, smaller, larger, length, and percentage.

Animation demo

font-size-adjust

This lets you control the size of the font displayed by the browser in case the first selected font isn't available.

Animation demo

font-stretch

This lets you make the text narrower or wider. Values include normal, expanded, and condensed.

Animation demo

font-weight

This sets the thinness or thickness of the font. Values include normal, bold, bolder, lighter, and number.

Animation demo

grid

This styles the grid layout. It's a shorthand property for: grid-template-rows, grid-template-columns, grid-template-areas, grid-auto-rows, grid-auto-columns, and grid-auto-flow.

Animation demo

grid-area

This defines the size and location of an item in a grid layout. It's a shorthand property for: grid-row-start, grid-column-start, grid-row-end, and grid-column-end.

Animation demo

grid-auto-columns

This sets the size for columns in a grid container. It affects columns that don't have a specified size. Values include length, percentage, auto, and fit-content.

Animation demo

grid-auto-flow

This determines how auto-placed items are added into the grid. Values include row, column, dense, row-dense, and column-dense.

Animation demo

grid-auto-rows

This sets the size of rows. Values include auto, max-content, min-content, and length.

Animation demo

grid-column

This defines the size and location of a grid item. It's a shorthand property for: grid-column-start and grid-column-end.

Animation demo

grid-column-end

This defines the number of columns a grid item will span. Values include auto, span, and column-line.

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grid-column-gap

This sets the size of the gap between columns.

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grid-column-start

This specifies the column-line on which the grid item will start.

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grid-gap

This specifies the size of the gap between rows and columns. It's a shorthand property for: grid-row-gap and grid-column-gap.

Animation demo

grid-row

This sets the size and location of a grid item. It's a shorthand property for: grid-row-start and grid-row-end.

Animation demo

grid-row-end

This defines the number of rows a grid item will span.

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grid-row-gap

This sets the gap between rows.

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grid-row-start

This determines which row-line the grid item will start.

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grid-template

This sets up the grid template. It's a shorthand property for: grid-template-rows, grid-template-columns, and grid-template-areas.

Animation demo

grid-template-areas

This specifies the areas inside the grid layout.

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grid-template-columns

This defines the number and size of columns in a layout.

Animation demo

grid-template-rows

This defines the number and size of rows in a layout.

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height

This defines the height of an element. This height doesn't include margins, borders, and padding. Values include auto, length, and percentage.

Animation demo

left

This sets the left edge of positioned elements. It affects the horizontal position of an element.

Animation demo

letter-spacing

This sets the distance between characters in text.

Animation demo

line-height

This sets the height of a line.

Animation demo

margin

This sets the margins for an element. It's a shorthand property for: margin-top, margin-right, margin-bottom, and margin-left. The margin can be specified by four, three, two, or one value.

Animation demo

margin-bottom

This sets the bottom margin of an element.

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margin-left

This sets the left margin of an element.

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margin-right

This sets the right margin of an element.

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margin-top

This sets the top margin of an element.

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max-height

This defines the maximum height of an element.

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max-width

This defines the maximum width of an element.

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min-height

This defines the minimum height of an element.

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min-width

This defines the minimum width of an element.

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object-position

This works in conjunction with object-fit to define the position of an <img> or <video> inside its own content box using x/y coordinates.

Animation demo

opacity

This sets the degree of opacity for an element.

Animation demo

order

This defines the order of a flexible item relative to other flexible items in the container.

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outline

This sets the outline around an element. It's a shorthand property for: outline-width, outline-style, and outline-color.

Animation demo

outline-color

This defines the color of an outline.

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outline-offset

This adds a space between an outline and the border of an element.

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outline-width

This sets the width of an outline.

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padding

This adds padding to an element. This is the space between the content and the border. It's a shorthand property for: padding-top, padding-right, padding-bottom, and padding-left. It can have one to four values.

Animation demo

padding-bottom

This defines the bottom padding of an element.

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padding-left

This defines the left padding of an element.

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padding-right

This defines the right padding of an element.

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padding-top

This defines the top padding of an element.

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perspective

This dives perspective to 3D-positioned elements.

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perspective-origin

This defines the position of the viewer relative to the 3D object.

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right

This defines the right edge of a positioned element. It affects the horizontal position and has no effect on non-positioned elements.

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text-decoration-color

This specifies the color for overlines, underlines, and linethroughs.

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text-indent

This sets the indentation of the first line in a block of text.

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text-shadow

This adds shadow to text. Values include horizontal shadow, vertical shadow, blur radius, and color.

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top

This defines the top edge of a positioned element. It affects the vertical position and has no effect on non-positioned elements.

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transform

This applies 2D or 3D effects to an element. You can move, rotate, scale, or skew an element alongside other capabilities.

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transform-origin

This lets you change the position of a transformed element.

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vertical-align

This defines the vertical alignment on an element.

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visibility

This determines the visibility of an element.

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width

This sets the width of an element. This doesn't include margins, borders, or padding.

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word-spacing

This defines the white space between words.

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z-index

This sets an element's stack order. Greater stack order elements appear before lower stack order elements.

Animation demo

CSS Animatable Properties (A - Z)

There you have it! A list of all the animatable properties within CSS. These will help make your website and presentations more lively and interactive.

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Originally published Mar 25, 2020 1:14:27 PM, updated May 03 2020

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