Ecommerce Customer Journey Mapping [+ Tips & Template]

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Rebecca Riserbato
Rebecca Riserbato

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An ecommerce customer journey map helps you drive better business results whether you’re an ecommerce business owner or a marketing manager for an online store.

How to map your ecommerce customer journey [with template]

While ecommerce journeys may be quicker than business-to-business buying cycles, that doesn’t mean they have fewer customer touch points. It’s crucial to understand your buyers’ stages and the touch points that influence each sale.

Download Now: Free Customer Journey Map Templates

In this guide, I’ll show you how to improve and map your ecommerce company's customer journey.

Table of Contents:

In the awareness stage, customers might hear about your product through social media ads, find it through search engine results, or get word-of-mouth recommendations. Think of shoppers as explorers looking for a promise of something new.

As they move into consideration, they become discerning evaluators, comparing prices, reading customer reviews, and envisioning how your product fits into their lives.

Upon buying your product at the decision or conversion stage, new customers experience your product's features, enjoy its benefits, and even share it with friends. Your customer service takes over at this point as buyers encounter challenges or have questions related to product usage.

Finally, satisfied buyers become loyal customers in the retention stage and then, hopefully, brand advocates in the advocacy stage, spreading the word about your product.

Free Customer Journey Template

Outline your company's customer journey and experience with these 7 free templates.

  • Buyer's Journey Template
  • Future State Template
  • Day-in-the-Life Template
  • And more!
Learn more

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    For starters, I have more control of my marketing and sales efforts as each step in a customer’s digital voyage unveils opportunities for optimization and innovation. From the moment they land at an online store to the final checkout process, every interaction shapes their perception, influences their likelihood of return, and cultivates brand loyalty.

    Analyzing their paths empowers me to address these critical questions:

    • Where do they hesitate to take action?
    • What triggers their interest?
    • Why do they abandon carts?

    Armed with answers, I can tailor my marketing strategies to fit their experiences, address their concerns, and foster trust.

    This understanding helps me devise smarter marketing campaigns, personalized product recommendations, and better user interfaces.

    The takeaway is that an accurate map of your customer journey paves the way to improved conversions, retention, and brand advocacy.

    Stages of the Ecommerce Customer Journey

    The five stages of the ecommerce customer journey describe the prospect’s experiences at each stage.

    1. Awareness

    Potential customers become aware of problems and start researching to understand them better. In the process, they seek relevant solutions, dispel misconceptions, and consider solutions.

    For instance, let’s say your shop sells products to help customers get organized and stay on task. If your prospect wants to establish a morning routine, they might start with a casual online search. After browsing through Google and catching sight of social media ads, they consider starting a journal to document their morning routine.

    2. Consideration

    During the consideration phase, shoppers weigh various products and strategies to address their needs.

    Your prospect now has a clearer understanding of their purchase intent and starts vetting potential solutions. They may begin scouring ecommerce platforms like Amazon or even Google for available morning routine journals and evaluating their reviews.

    3. Decision

    In the decision stage, customers compare the features and prices of various options and then narrow down their choices. They weigh benefits against costs, seeking the best value.

    Ultimately, shoppers will buy your product if it satisfies their needs or desires. For instance, perhaps your journal includes tips to help them establish their new routine.

    4. Retention

    The quality of your products and customer service is crucial to the customer retention stage. HubSpot’s 2024 Consumer Trends Report found the top purchasing factors for consumers include product quality (51%) and past experiences with a product or brand (25%).

    If your morning routine journal arrives late or poor packaging has led to ripped pages, your customer might not check out your other products.

    Conversely, positive experiences encourage repeat purchases.

    To boost retention, you can also employ strategic marketing, using ads retargeting and social media posts to keep products visible to previous buyers. Exposing your products frequently to delighted customers through a consistent, omnichannel presence improves your chances of attracting them to repurchase.

    5. Advocacy

    Prioritizing customer satisfaction fosters lasting business relationships. Customers at this stage will provide testimonials and advocate for your brand through word-of-mouth and social media endorsements.

    If you habitually give first-time and repeat customers positive experiences, they’ll return, join your loyalty program, and bring their circle on board, increasing your customer lifetime value.

    You can deepen your understanding of the ecommerce customer journey with HubSpot Academy’s free Ecommerce Marketing Course.

    How to Improve Your Ecommerce Customer Journey

    Understanding how the ecommerce customer journey works sets the stage for enhancing your own. In this section, I’ll show you how to use proven engagement principles to convert more customers.

    Five engagement principles for improving your ecommerce customer journey.

    1. Improve customer delight.

    Customers who enjoy interacting with you are more likely to journey with your brand. The more you delight customers, the higher your campaigns’ conversion rates and the deeper customers engage with your brand.

    Here's how to get a sea of happy customers:

    • Personalize rewards for birthdays or special events.
    • Host exclusive events.
    • Provide branded swag.
    • Cultivate a brand community.
    • Surprise with flash sales or loyalty discounts.
    • Engage one-on-one on social media.

    Pro tip: What delights my customers may not delight yours, so be creative and keep exploring ways to build lasting connections.

    2. Create FOMO.

    The fear of missing out (FOMO) is the anxiety of feeling left out from enjoyable experiences others are having. Renowned business psychologist and author Robert Cialdini popularized the idea in his book Influence.

    FOMO is one of the most potent marketing tools I use across all customer journey stages.

    You can rouse this feeling in any of these ways:

    • Display the number of products in stock.
    • Add a sale countdown timer on the product page.
    • Show a count of product views hourly or daily.
    • Stress limited supplies.
    • Spotlight event dates and set up a countdown email series.

    At first, using FOMO may feel uncomfortable because you don’t want to come off as manipulative to buyers.

    But FOMO is only a tool. It’s how you use it that makes it good or bad.

    Customers have thanked me for notifying them that a product is on sale or an item they’re interested in will be out of stock soon.

    Free Customer Journey Template

    Outline your company's customer journey and experience with these 7 free templates.

    • Buyer's Journey Template
    • Future State Template
    • Day-in-the-Life Template
    • And more!
    Learn more

      Download Free

      All fields are required.

      You're all set!

      Click this link to access this resource at any time.

      3. Conduct surveys.

      Search and market data give me a bird's-eye view of patterns in customer behavior and demographic metrics, but surveys help me get personal with them. Talking to customers online or in person helps unearth insights other data collection methods might miss.

      I like to use both real-time survey methods — like video or phone calls and in-person or online chats — as well as prerecorded options, such as forms, videos, SMS, website pop-ups, and emails.

      When I create surveys, I aim to gather information that expounds on what I learned from my initial audience research. I typically ask my customers questions related to why they act or feel a certain way.

      For example, I may ask:

      • Why choose us over competitors for this product?
      • Which alternatives or competitors did you weigh before buying?
      • What key issues do you need [product] to address?
      • What's your budget for this solution?
      • What [product] features do you prioritize and why?

      The insights I gather from these questions reveal preferences and patterns among my target audience that will inform my business decisions.

      For instance, if millennials are willing to spend $500 and boomers $1,500 on my product, I might adjust my offerings and messaging to attract boomers more.

      4. Raise your social proof.

      Customers have an easier time acting on recommendations and feeling confident when they see they’re not alone.

      So, I engage the power of social proof.

      Social proof is where people look to others' actions or opinions to guide their behavior. And it works. Over 20% of consumers (and 36% of millennials) have purchased a product in the last three months based on an influencer’s recommendation.

      Research showing how many consumers purchased a product based on an influencer’s recommendation in the last three months.

      Here’s how I use it:

      • Showcase reviews and testimonials.
      • Display purchase count.
      • Feature social media mentions.

      If I can ensure shoppers see that others like my products, it boosts their likelihood of buying from my brand.

      5. Personalize every touch point.

      Nowadays, buyers expect you to call them by name. I go beyond this and create personalized journeys that meet customer needs and expectations using customer data from every touch point.

      Here’s how I offer personalized experiences:

      • Include the contact's name in messages.
      • Customize offerings by location, purchase, or browsing history.
      • Tailor exit pop-ups to each stage of the buyer journey.
      • Craft offers that match prospective customers’ desires.

      Thanks to HubSpot’s marketing automation software and my customer data, I can deliver unique experiences at scale. (As a HubSpot employee, I may be biased, but I’ve found that this tool is easy to use and can automate virtually any marketing task.)

      For more tips, I recommend you read this article on customer journey thinking and watch the video below.

      Now that we understand how the ecommerce customer journey works and ways to make it better, let's bring it to life with a map.

      Ecommerce Customer Journey Map

      An ecommerce customer journey map shows the different steps your customer goes through and helps you plan how to improve each customer touch point. It highlights where they are in the buying process, their goals, and how they interact with your ecommerce store at various stages.

      Use the ecommerce customer journey template below as your launchpad. Consider your customers’ thoughts, feelings, actions, and research interests to uncover how they arrive at buying decisions.

      HubSpot’s ecommerce customer journey map template with guidance for different stages of the buyer’s journey

      What is the customer thinking or feeling?

      Weigh your ideal customer’s thoughts and motivations across the awareness, consideration, and decision stages. Empathizing with, understanding, and addressing buyers’ expectations and worries helps guide them smoothly throughout the buying process.

      Let’s assume a prospect is looking to go camping in the winter and exploring my outdoor gear web store for answers:

      • Awareness. They're going camping in the winter for the first time and feel unsure about packing. They want to know what gear to buy and how to pack it in a simple and compact way.
      • Consideration. They're comparing winter camping gear and feel uncertain about what to buy. They seek advice through blog posts and forums on finding compact, easy-to-use equipment to make their camping trip successful and enjoyable.
      • Decision. The prospect decides to buy my brand’s winter camping gear. They feel more confident and prepared for their first winter camping adventure.
      • Retention. Their new gear helped make their winter camping trip a success. They trust my brand, feeling confident in the quality and reliability.
      • Advocacy. Impressed by the gear's performance, they share positive reviews online, encouraging others to buy the same equipment.

      What is the customer’s action?

      In my experience, customers can move forward from, return to, or repeat a previous stage or drop off the flywheel at any point in their journey.

      Here’s how it could play out using that prospective customer from the winter gear example:

      • Awareness. They want information about staying warm while camping in the winter, so they exchange their email address for my free warm-clothing guide and access to my community of winter camping buffs.
      • Consideration. The prospective customer is considering thermal wear and other winter camping gear. So, they watch a live demo of how to combine thermal wear with other clothing items.
      • Decision. The customer is serious about buying and looks for a discount.
      • Retention. The customer asks follow-up questions to help them use the thermal wear and returns for more equipment for future adventures.
      • Advocacy. My responsiveness to their questions and support requests wins them over, so they subscribe to my referral program.

      What or where is the buyer researching?

      Buyers forage for information from disparate sources before reaching a decision.

      So, here’s how their research journey will go:

      • Awareness. They engage with blogs, white papers, social posts, and short videos to find the information they need and answer questions about preparing for winter camping.
      • Consideration. The prospect is now curious about camping gear, like outdoor heaters, lighters, lanterns, sleeping bags, camping chairs, thermal clothing, and backpacks to carry it all. So, they’re comparing the best options, reading case studies, and watching longer videos to help them understand the benefits and drawbacks of these items.
      • Decision. They buy their preferred camping items from my website after weighing each product through buyer reviews, samples, and specification sheets and using my chatbot to ask questions.
      • Retention. They might visit competitor websites or even buy competitor products to compare them with mine. They’ll also review post-purchase support documents.
      • Advocacy. When referring a potential buyer, they’ll share my blog posts, guides, and knowledge base articles to educate their friends and contacts about my product.

      How will we move the buyer along their journey with us in mind?

      Using incentives in your calls-to-action (CTAs) can drive a faster response, and subtle messaging can guide buyers along their path.

      Going back to the winter camping gear example, here’s what that could look like:

      • Awareness. I ask prospects for their email address in exchange for free guides on how to choose the best camping gear for their needs.
      • Consideration. Once I have their contact information, I’ll engage my leads with more valuable content related to winter camping, warming them up to chatting with my sales team or buying my camping gear.
      • Decision. I demonstrate that I’m placing the customer’s interests ahead of profits by being honest about what my product can and can’t do. Whether the customer is ready to close a deal, sign up for a lesser offer, or part ways, I work to keep them in my flywheel for future sales or referral opportunities.
      • Retention. I respond quickly to post-purchase questions and provide detailed user guides. I also offer free replacements for defective products.
      • Advocacy. I proactively invite and incentivize customers to review and rate products and join my referral and loyalty programs.

      Here’s what my map for the winter camping gear example would look like.

      An ecommerce customer journey map for a winter camping gear store.

      How to build an ecommerce customer journey map

      Here are some tips for building and using your customer journey map:

      • Define objectives. Clarify your goals, such as understanding pain points or enhancing the user experience.
      • Identify personas. Create a detailed customer persona, including demographics, behaviors, and needs, to tailor the map and visualize your ideal customer’s experience.
      • List touch points. Identify all points of interaction between your customer and business, from initial awareness to post-purchase. Consider taking the HubSpot Ecommerce Marketing Course to learn how to improve the user experience in every stage.
      • Gather data. Collect quantitative and qualitative data from customer feedback, surveys, analytics, and interviews to understand experiences at each touch point.
      • Map the current journey. Visualize the current customer experience by plotting the touch points and data on a timeline or diagram. Then, use a template to map your user journey.
      • Identify pain points and opportunities. Highlight areas where customers face challenges and opportunities to improve their experience.
      • Develop solutions. Brainstorm and highlight changes or enhancements to address identified issues, enhance your touch points for search engine optimization (SEO), and improve your user journey.
      • Implement changes. Put the proposed solutions into action and adjust your processes, technology, or communication strategies accordingly.
      • Track and update. Continuously track the performance of implemented changes and update your journey map to reflect new insights and business developments.

      Here’s the takeaway: Mapping your ecommerce customer journey is vital for targeting the right audience and ensuring a great customer experience. Happy customers typically stick around longer and attract more buyers.

      Creating the Best Ecommerce Customer Journey Possible

      The best online shopping experiences result from understanding how customers go through the buying stages. Although the ecommerce shopping cycle is swift, customers still interact with multiple touch points before they buy, so you must plan carefully.

      As a marketer, I rely on data, templates, and proven strategies to optimize each stage of the ecommerce customer journey. Delighting customers, creating a sense of urgency, asking for feedback, showing off happy customers, and personalizing experiences are all proven ways to generate desirable results.

      In the end, a well-made map of how customers will experience your online shop helps attract more buyers, keep them coming back, and get them talking about your brand.

      Ready to start? Look below for free templates to map your ecommerce customer journey.

      Editor's note: This post was originally published in October 2023 and has been updated for comprehensiveness.

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      Topics: Ecommerce

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