A promotional pricing strategy is one of the best ways to generate quick demand for your products or services. In most cases, promo pricing is confined to a tight time frame, creating a sense of urgency and giving the impression that consumers will be missing out if they don't buy soon.

You can use promo pricing to boost sales for your business in the short-term, and generate repeat sales in the long-term.

Let's get a feel for what that term means, some of the more prominent examples of it, and what you need to do to implement a successful promotional pricing strategy.

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When do you need a promotional pricing strategy?

Let's run through a hypothetical scenario. Say your company is in a bit of a tough spot. Your product or service isn't moving with the oomph you'd like it to. Sales are sort of stagnant, and as far as you can tell, consumer interest in your brand is waning.

You realize your business needs a shot of life. So, what can you do? Well, you could try something drastic. You could look into rebranding. You could reevaluate your messaging. You could restructure your entire sales process. But those kinds of actions would probably be overkill.

As I said, you need a shot of life — not a new identity.

If your business hits a wall like that, particularly if you're in retail or ecommerce, you might just need to generate some quick demand and spur consumer interest. One of the best ways to do that is through promotional pricing.

Promotional pricing is a quick-hitting, effective practice that's generally best done in doses. In many — if not most — cases, businesses that constantly undertake large-scale promotional pricing efforts can wind up excessively cutting into profit margins and leading their customers to expect lower prices consistently.

So promotional selling is effective, yes — but you have to take the pros and cons into account.

Promotional Pricing Pros

Promotional pricing is a good fit for most business, but as I said, it’s best done in doses. If you constantly run promotional selling periods, then you risk tarnishing your brand image and undervaluing your product.

Overall, however, there are quite a few pros to consider when starting a promotional selling period.

Promo pricing will attract new buyers to your brand.

According to Statista, 62% of consumers try a new store or online retailer during the holidays because of better prices, and 44% try a new store because of coupons or discounts.

promotional pricing effectiveness graph

One of the biggest pros of promotional pricing is that it can and will attract new customers to your business. If you want to quickly earn new customers, then promotional selling is one of the best and easiest ways to do it.

Promo pricing can get your current customers to buy more.

Promotional pricing not only helps you attract new costumers, it helps you sell more to your current ones, too. If you sell products that tend to run out (such as household products), then offering a promotional period will give your customers a chance to get a “refill” without paying the full price.

This isn’t the only benefit, though. You can get them to try new products, too — products they might want to re-purchase later, even at full price. Your customers get to try something new at a fraction of the cost, and you can get a shot at increasing repeat purchases later.

Promo pricing can help you retain your loyal customers.

When done right, promotional pricing can help you retain more customers and increase customer loyalty. In its State of Brand Loyalty survey, Yotpo reports that 60.1% of loyal customers want “early access to sales,” and more than half want “early access to new products.”

promo pricing correlation with customer loyalty

When you advertise promotional pricing for your business, make sure your current customers are first. Otherwise, they might consider leaving for another brand that offers a cheaper price and shows them appreciation for their business.

Promo pricing can get a new product off the ground.

If you’ve just launched a new product or added something new to your product catalog, there’s no better way to increase exposure than by selling it at a reduced price for a limited time. Paired with other strategies, promo pricing can be an essential part of a strong product launch plan.

The best part is that this applies to virtually any product. Whether you’ve added a new a subscription package, a new digital product, or a new physical item to your online store, you can quickly boost sales with a promo period. Otherwise, this new product may not enjoy any exposure at all and fail to reach its highest revenue potential.

Promotional Pricing Cons

While promotional pricing has plenty of pros, it also has some cons that you should consider when planning your next promotional selling period.

Promo pricing does not help you retain your new customers.

Promotional pricing can help you retain your loyal customers, but not the new ones you’ve earned as a result of your promo period. As I mentioned, promo selling can help you earn new customers in a short time, but there’s no guarantee you’ll keep them. As a matter of fact, it’s likely that they’ll churn after the price returns to normal.

A study done by the Institute of Big Data Intelligent Management and Decision shows that promotional pricing can lead to impulse buying decisions. People who might not have planned to buy anything may choose to do so simply because of an advertised discount or bulk price. This is often followed by regret, which can then lead to them returning the products.

promo pricing impulse buying flowchart

While impulse buyers can help you meet short-term revenue goals, they might not help in the long term, and they might even hurt you by initiating returns.

Promo pricing can hurt your brand image.

Cheap products can sometimes communicate a low level of quality, even if you do partner with the most sustainable, most well-appointed manufacturers. It can also make it seem like you’re trying to get rid of unsold stock or poorly-made products.

Without question, advertising excessively low prices can make your brand look less “prestigious.” So use this pricing strategy with caution and only for certain products, and for a very limited time.

As I mentioned earlier, promo pricing is generally associated with forums like retail and ecommerce, but there are different promotional pricing strategies that can suit virtually any business. Here are some of the more prominent examples of promotional pricing.

1. Flash Sales

A flash sale is when businesses, typically in ecommerce or retail, offer substantial discounts on their product or services within a relatively short time frame. For instance, Amazon annually puts on Prime Day — a two-day event where it offers a wide array of deals, spanning virtually every category of product the site covers.

promotional pricing examples: amazon

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The vast majority of Prime Day deals aren't offered year-round, making that two-day window a specific, exclusive point for those bargains. Since those discounts are collectively isolated and advertised to generate quick demand, they constitute a flash sale and, in turn, an example of promotional pricing.

2. Buy One, Get One Free (BOGOF)

The "buy one, get one free" deal — or some sort of variant involving a reduced-priced good or service available with the purchase of a full-priced one — is one of the more prominent examples of promotional pricing. In many cases, this kind of deal can be advertised through promotional materials like coupons. Here's an example from Papa John's:

promotional pricing examples: papa johns

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With this strategy, a business offers an additional, free product or service to incentivize the purchase of another one. The price of the initial "one" in "buy one get one free" is typically higher than the other, so when you sell using this kind of promotional pricing strategy, you're selling two products — ones that are proportionally cheaper but still not really half-priced.

That's why you need to be selective in how you choose the products you use with this strategy. Make sure you're selling goods or services that you can still profit from at proportionately lower price points but significantly higher volumes.

3. Loyalty Programs

A loyalty program is a promotional pricing strategy where a company incentivizes brand loyalty by offering deals and discounts in exchange for consistent, repeated purchases.

Customer acquisition is often more expensive and labor-intensive than retaining current ones. That's why implementing a loyalty program can be a savvy, cost-effective move for businesses interested in consistently generating revenue from dedicated consumers. Here's an example of one from Dunkin':

promotional pricing examples: dunkin

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The term "customer loyalty program" covers a wide range of practices. It could be anything from a major airline leveraging a frequent flier miles system to a local sandwich shop giving out punch cards for free sandwiches in exchange for a fixed number of visits.

If you choose to implement a customer loyalty program, its structure will hinge upon the size and nature of your business — in addition to the general intention behind your implementation of the program as a whole.

4. Seasonal Sales

A seasonal sale is essentially an extended flash sale — typically tailored to move merchandise relevant to a specific time of year. A seasonal sale could be a promotion for discounted swimsuits in the summer or popular toys during the holiday season. Here's an example of a seasonal sale from Old Navy for back to school clothes:

promotional pricing examples: old navy

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Implementing a seasonal sale generally works best for businesses that carry some kind of season-specific product or service. More often than not, consumers are most receptive to seasonal sales of products that bear some kind of appropriate seasonal significance.

If your company is running a campaign to actively promote and move winter coats throughout the month of July, consumers will probably be more confused than interested.

The relationship between product or service and seasonal timing might be the most important factor to consider when trying to coordinate this kind of promotional pricing.

Promotional Pricing Strategy

Finding the right promotional pricing strategy for your business relies upon some key factors and crucial questions. You have to consider the "why," "how," and "when" of your decision to implement promotional pricing.

Learn more about what dynamic pricing is and how it can impact your business in this helpful video:

Why do you need a promotional pricing strategy?

The first point you have to address is why you're interested in implementing a promotional pricing strategy. Are you trying to generate some buzz for a new product or service? Are you trying to spur some customer traffic as quickly as possible? Are you trying to unload some extra inventory? Are you looking to incentivize customer loyalty?

It's important to have a high-level understanding of what you want out of your promotional pricing strategy before zeroing in on what will work best for your business.

A plan for moving out-of-season inventory probably won't look the same as one designed to reward customer loyalty. Know what you're hoping to generally accomplish before hashing out the specifics. Once you have that "why" in mind, you can start to determine the "how."

How will you implement your promo pricing strategy?

Here's where you make an actionable solution out of the "why" you figured out earlier, but the overarching reason for your promotional pricing strategy is only part of the equation.

There are some other key factors you need to consider. What kind of promotional budget are you working with? How does your business operate? Are you in conventional retail? Do you sell via ecommerce?

Let's say you want to unload some excess inventory from a smaller, independent retail outlet. In that case, you might want to go with a flash sale for those items and advertise through billboards, flyers, and signs in your storefronts. But if you were running a large ecommerce site trying to encourage repeat business, you might start a customer loyalty program and promote it through paid social media advertising.

There's no one size fits all model for promotional pricing. What works for one company isn't guaranteed to work for another. You need to consider several factors before deciding which specific strategy suits you best, including your business's reputation, industry standards, brand identity, immediate needs, long-term goals, and financial situation.

When will you publish your promotional pricing?

Timing is another important factor to consider when determining an appropriate promotional pricing strategy. The "when" in this process can mean a few things — namely, the promotion's duration and time of year.

Promotional pricing strategies come in all shapes and sizes. An ongoing customer loyalty program will obviously last longer than a two-day flash sale. It's important to figure out a time frame that will suit your budget while still giving yourself the space to make good on the "why" you chose at the beginning of the process.

Another key factor with many promotional pricing programs is the specific dates you choose for your strategy to run its course. Certain times of year suit some strategies particularly well.

Promotional pricing — specifically flash sales — is notoriously popular on holiday weekends like Memorial Day and Veterans Day. So if you're considering implementing a promotional

pricing strategy, always be mindful of when it's taking place.

What will be the impact on your relationship with your customers?

As I mentioned, promotional pricing can help your current customer relationships, but it can hurt them, too. For instance, if you create a promo selling period right after your highest day of sales, you might be scorning the customers who’ve paid full price for your products.

That’s why it’s so important to think about timing and about rewarding your current customers, in addition to attracting new ones. Make the discount exclusively available to them first, then open it up to the public. Your goal with promotional pricing should be to retain and delight your current customers before earning new business.

Cost of Promotions

To ensure your promo pricing is a success, you’ll want to — wait for it — promote it. But remember to extend the offer to your current customers first, then to the public.

With that in mind, here are some costs you’ll incur when advertising your promo pricing:

  • Promotion Over Email: $0. Your first promotional tactic should be over emails sent straight to your current customers and subscribers. Because you can use free email marketing tools to reach your customers, this promotional cost can be free. However, if you have a large email list, you might incur higher costs.
  • Promotion Over Organic Social Media: $0. Posting about your current promotional period on your social media channels will be free. The only thing you have to do is set up a social media calendar that can help you stay on schedule.
  • Promotion Over Paid Social Media: $50+ per channel. Social media ads can expose your promotions to people who might not have searched for your brand on their own. Because you only pay for the clicks that your ad receives, you can begin with a low budget (less than $100). We recommend investing at least $50 before deciding whether continuing or stopping your paid social campaigns.
  • Promotion Over PPC: $50+ per campaign. Pay-per-click advertising is a low-cost way of getting even more eyes on your promotional pricing period. You can get visibility over a wide variety of channels, such as display and search. You also only pay per click, and sometimes per impressions. We recommend investing at least $50 in PPC campaigns.

Promotional Selling is the Key to Short- and Long-Term Success

Determining which promotional pricing strategy works best for you will take a lot of thought, familiarity with your business, industry knowledge, and careful consideration. It can be tricky to figure out the "why," "how," and "when" that suits you best.

Take the time to understand the various strategies available, look into what has worked well for companies like yours, and thoughtfully figure out prices that will be attractive to consumers without gutting your profits. When you do so, you'll be able to implement a promotional pricing strategy that will serve you well and grow your business for the long term.

Editor's note: This post was originally published in August 2020 and has been updated for comprehensiveness.

sales pricing strategy calculator

 sales pricing calculator

Originally published Feb 21, 2022 7:00:00 AM, updated July 01 2022


Pricing Strategy